How to Treat Diabetes in Dogs

Any dog can develop diabetes, but some breeds are genetically predisposed to getting it. Cairn Terriers and Miniature Pinschers sometimes get diabetes anytime in their life, while Poodles, Beagles, Dachshunds, and a few other breeds tend to get it later in their life. Dogs who are obese or female tend to develop diabetes more often than dogs who are at their correct weight or are male.

How Diabetes Is Diagnosed In Dogs

Veterinarians look at the dog's behavior for clues as to whether the dog could be diabetic. Diabetic dogs have large appetites, but they may lose weight even though they are eating more. They also drink more water than usual and urinate more often. Also, diabetic dogs have little energy and are often lethargic. If the dog shows these symptoms, the vet will often do diabetic testing to see if sugar or protein are present in the urine. If so, this is an indication of diabetes.

A glucose blood test provides the most accurate results

Diabetes is also diagnosed through blood tests in dogs, just as it is in humans. The normal glucose level for dogs is 70 to 150 mg/dL, and dogs with levels over 200 mg/dL are considered to be diabetic.

How To Treat Diabetes Once It's Found

Early treatment of diabetes in dogs is important because there is no cure for diabetes. If the disease is not treated, the dog will eventually die. The pet is usually put on special dog food that is high in protein and low in carbohydrates. If the dog is overweight, it will need to lose weight.

Owners Need To Take Care of Their Dog's Medical Needs

Owners must also give their dog insulin injections on a daily basis. Some types of insulin last for only four hours and must be given several times each day, while others can be administered one time daily. A special meter for testing the dog's blood sugar levels must be purchased, and it is important to check the glucose level at least one time each week. Insulin treatment can be expensive and cost about $100 or more per month.

Photo: Pixabay

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