Diabetes Type 1 Life Expectancy

Approximately one in every ten diabetics have type 1 diabetes. Also known as insulin-dependent diabetes and juvenile diabetes, it is a form of diabetes in which the body actually attacks itself and begins to destroy islet beta cells within the pancreas that are necessary for creating insulin.

Once approximately 90 percent of these cells have been destroyed, diabetes becomes apparent. After this significant number of beta cells are gone, the lack of insulin creates an over-abundance of glucose in the blood.

Scientists are still trying to determine why the beta cells cease insulin production. They have narrowed the causes to one of three factors. Their first suspect is believed to be a virus that is present within the body and seeks to destroy the beta cells in order to halt insulin production. Some believe that it is due to the environment surrounding the individual and others put the blame on genetics.

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes is a very familiar list. It includes frequent thirst, which of course is directly connected to frequent urination. The disease will also cause blurred or distorted vision and fatigue.

But one of the telling signs of this type of diabetes is that it is normally accompanied with weight loss. This is common even if the individual's appetite has increased, which also commonly occurs. In fact, the rate of weight loss can be quite rapid.

Treatment usually includes exercise and proper diet in connection with trying to maintain a proper weight. This might be difficult at first given the weight loss. Insulin is also normally prescribed as a way to bring levels back up to optimal range.

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