Diabetic ketoacidosis rates still high in children

Dangerously low insulin levels can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, where high levels of ketones can start poisoning the body and present a life-threatening situation.

A new study from researchers at the University of Colorado in Denver found that diabetic ketoacidosis is still a critical problem for youth with diabetes, suggesting that rates of the condition are "unacceptably high" among children.

DKA not declining

The report, issued in the journal Pediatrics, included data on 5,615 youth with type 1 diabetes and 1,425 youth with type 2 diabetes.

Results of the study showed that DKA rates have not declined in the last eight years, remaining high when compared with other developed countries. Almost one-third of all youth with type 1 diabetes had experienced the condition, and rates were much higher among children under 5 years old, non-white children, and those without private health insurance.

For kids with type 2 diabetes, DKA was less common and less prevalent over time. This might have to do with earlier detection rates or earlier diabetes diagnoses, the researchers said.

Disease preventable, serious

DKA is a preventable condition, but left untreated, it can cause diabetic coma or even death, according to the American Diabetes Association.

Warning signs include thirst or very dry mouth, frequent urination, high blood sugar levels, flushed skin, nausea and difficulty breathing.

Treatment for DKA usually must take place in the hospital, but parents can help children learn the warning signs and check their urine and blood regularly.

"These data suggest that more needs to be done to begin reducing DKA rates in the future," said study leader Dana Dabelea, M.D., Ph.D., professor and associate dean at the University of Colorado School of Public Health. "Previous research suggests that increased community awareness of type 1 diabetes, including parental education and closer monitoring of signs and symptoms of diabetes, may be effective tools. In the U.S., improved health care access especially for underserved populations is also needed to reduce the observed health disparities."

Source: University of Colorado Denver

Get a Free Diabetes Meal Plan

Get a free 7-Day Diabetes Meal Plan from Constance Brown-Riggs who is a Registered Dietitian-Certified Diabetes Educator and who is also a national spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association.

Just enter in your email below to download your free Diabetes Meal Plan.

By clicking Submit, you agree to send your info to BattleDiabetes.com who, in addition to 3rd party partners, may contact you with updates, products and information and we agree to use it according to our privacy policy and terms and conditions.

More Articles

More Articles

Scientists have discovered that a single gene forms a common link between type 2 diabetes and...

Natural supplements like cinnamon extract and apple cider vinegar could hold the key to lowering blood sugar levels, according to a recent...

Natural supplements like cinnamon extract and apple cider vinegar could hold the key to lowering blood sugar levels, according to a recent...

Could a person's risk for type 2 diabetes be written in their genes?

According to a study recently published in ...

Women who frequently shift around their sleeping hours could have worse metabolic health outcomes than their peers who stick with a...

The presence of the hormone leptin may hinder prenatal development, which could explain the origin of type 2 diabetes, according to...

An analysis of fossilized Native American feces shows that our ancestors ate up to sixteen times the fiber that we do today, but our...

Managing diabetes is hugely challenging for people of any age, but a new study suggests that young people may suffer all the more....

Disruptions to the gut’s ecosystem could be a future symptom facing young children who take antibiotics, which makes them more susceptible...

Breastfeeding a newborn holds many benefits for mommy and baby; it reduces the baby's risk for colds and viruses, it helps his bones (and yours)...

Fans of the Dexcom G5 Mobile have something to smile about.

At yesterday's hearing with the U.S. Food and Drug...

If you start your day with a cup of tea and end it with a glass of red wine, your blood sugar may thank you.

At least that...

As medical experts continue to debate whether or not "healthy obesity" can even exist, one new study suggests that risk for heart disease...

For years, type 1 diabetics have been anxiously waiting for that medical marvel that can stop the constant injections: the artificial...

“Low-fat” has been the battle cry of the health-conscious for over ‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌...