Type II Diabetes: Non Insulin-Dependent Diabetes

The term diabetes refers to higher than normal levels of sugar, or glucose, in the blood. Type II diabetes, also known as NON insulin-dependent diabetes, was commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes until recently when the name no longer accurately describes the population with this disease.

Kids with type 2 diabetes

Type II diabetes, in the past, was relegated to the adult population. However, in the new era of ever rising cases of childhood obesity and heart disease, the term adult onset diabetes is quickly becoming a misnomer. The number of children that are presenting to doctors with this disease is rising at epidemic rates.

Unlike Type I diabetes, where there is little to no insulin being produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, in Type II diabetes there is plenty of insulin. The problem lies in the fact that the cells of the body no longer respond to the insulin. The normal response is to cause gates in the cell membranes to open and letting the sugar in from the blood stream. Since this is not occurring, the sugar levels in the blood remain extremely high and the cells are deprived of the necessary energy that they would normally derive from the sugar.

Additionally, as Type II diabetes is sometimes not diagnosed for many years, the pancreas will sometimes stop producing insulin all together since the body sees no need to make something that can’t be used.
Many professionals are prescribing changes in diet and increased activity levels as the medicine needed to help reverse some of the non-responsiveness of the cells to insulin. Making lifestyle changes can dramatically improve the overall health of the patient as well. To augment adjustments in nutrition and exercise, doctors can also prescribe diabetes medication which assists to increase the responsiveness of the cells to the insulin that the body may still be producing.

If left untreated, Type II diabetes can eventually decrease the quality of life and life span of the patient.

Rachel Dayer runs and operates http://www.mustask.com, a health related portal.

Related Article

Early Signs of Diabetes in Children

Gout and Diabetes

Get a Free Diabetes Meal Plan

Get a free 7-Day Diabetes Meal Plan from Constance Brown-Riggs who is a Registered Dietitian-Certified Diabetes Educator and who is also a national spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association.

Just enter in your email below to download your free Diabetes Meal Plan.

By clicking Submit, you agree to send your info to BattleDiabetes.com who, in addition to 3rd party partners, may contact you with updates, products and information and we agree to use it according to our privacy policy and terms and conditions.

More Articles

More Articles

The Mayo Clinic Diabetic Diet consists of ...

Diabetics should avoid white bread and anything else made with white flour because it can raise their...

Eating a balanced diet can have a significant impact on individuals who have type 2 diabetes. In fact,...

According to the Mayo Clinic, excessive alcohol consumption can increase a person's risk of developing type 2...

With diabetes, your blood sugar levels...

It is common knowledge that people with (or without) diabetes should exercise regularly. But why is exercise so important if diet appears to be...

Once widely known by the name "juvenile diabetes," type 1 diabetes is becoming more common. The disease occurs when the body starts attacking...

Diabetics are inundated with advice about the right foods to eat and which ones to avoid. Since particular foods can have more of an impact on...

Taking blood samples for glucose readings is one of the unfortunate side effects of diabetes. But what if you...

During a time when sugary treats are found at every turn, steering clear of carbohydrate-rich cocktails becomes even more important for people...

Poor sleep can worsen diabetes symptoms, but burning enough calories may not be the only factor to consider when it comes to how exercise...

Eating a plant-based diet could help to relieve diabetic nerve pain, according to a new study.

Researchers from the...

This article was written exclusively for BattleDiabetes.com by Gershelda Harman. She discusses her shocking diabetes diagnosis as a teenager,...

Hypoglycemia is a common condition for diabetics which typically involves feeling...

People with diabetes generally have problems with their extremities such as their hands,...